Handel composed Samson directly after completing the "Messiah".
After its premiere in 1743 in the Covent Garden Theatre in London, the work rapidly became one of the composerís most successful oratorios alongside "Esther" and "Judas Maccabaeus". This probably had as much to do with the popular Old Testament story of the libretto as with Handelís masterly shaping of the arias and choruses.